A qualitative study of transportation challenges among intracerebral hemorrhage survivors and their caregivers
Marissa M. Ing M.S.W., Megan A. Vento B.S., Kazuma Nakagawa M.D., Kristen F. Linton Ph.D., M.S.W.
Hawai‘i Journal of Medicine & Public Health
Post-discharge barriers of hemorrhagic stroke survivors in Hawai‘i have not been extensively studied. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify common driving and transportation barriers among patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and their caregivers in the Honolulu community. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ICH patients (n = 10) and caregivers (n = 11) regarding their driving and transportation barriers. Inductive content analysis was used to analyze the interviews. Participants reported that they needed transportation to attend to their recovery and remain safe. Informal transportation was desired, yet not always available to patients. A local paratransit service for people with disabilities was the most common form of alternative transportation used by patients; however, they reported difficulty obtaining this method of transportation. Participants with no other option used costly, private transportation. Most ICH survivors expressed great challenges with the available transportation services that are essential to their reintegration into the community after hospitalization. Greater effort to provide transportation options and eligibility information to the ICH patients and their caregivers may be needed to improve their post-discharge care.