October 1, 2016

Ethnic Comparison of 30-Day Potentially Preventable Readmissions After Stroke in Hawaii

Kazuma Nakagawa, MD; Hyeong Jun Ahn, PhD; Deborah A. Taira, ScD; Jill Miyamura, PhD; Tetine L. Sentell, PhD


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:  Ethnic disparities in readmission after stroke have been inadequately studied. We sought to compare potentially preventable readmissions (PPR) among a multiethnic population in Hawaii.

METHODS:  Hospitalization data in Hawaii from 2007 to 2012 were assessed to compare ethnic differences in 30-day PPR after stroke-related hospitalizations. Multivariable models using logistic regression were performed to assess the impact of ethnicity on 30-day PPR after controlling for age group (<65 and ≥65 years), sex, insurance, county of residence, substance use, history of mental illness, and Charlson Comorbidity Index.

RESULTS:  Thirty-day PPR was seen in 840 (8.4%) of 10 050 any stroke-related hospitalizations, 712 (8.7%) of 8161 ischemic stroke hospitalizations, and 128 (6.8%) of 1889 hemorrhagic stroke hospitalizations. In the multivariable models, only the Chinese ethnicity, compared with whites, was associated with 30-day PPR after any stroke hospitalizations (odds ratio [OR] [95% confidence interval {CI}], 1.40 [1.05-1.88]) and ischemic stroke hospitalizations (OR, 1.42 [CI, 1.04-1.96]). When considering only one hospitalization per individual, the impact of Chinese ethnicity on PPR after any stroke hospitalization (OR, 1.22 [CI, 0.89-1.68]) and ischemic stroke hospitalization (OR, 1.21 [CI, 0.86-1.71]) was attenuated. Other factors associated with 30-day PPR after any stroke hospitalizations were Charlson Comorbidity Index (per unit increase) (OR, 1.21 [CI, 1.18-1.24]), Medicaid (OR, 1.42 [CI, 1.07-1.88]), Hawaii county (OR, 0.78 [CI, 0.62-0.97]), and mental illness (OR, 1.37 [CI, 1.10-1.70]).

CONCLUSIONS:  In Hawaii, Chinese may have a higher risk of 30-day PPR after stroke compared with whites. However, this seems to be driven by the high number of repeated PPR within the Chinese ethnic group.

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