Best Practices for Community-Engaged Research with Pacific Islander Communities in the US and USAPI: A Scoping Review
Pearl A. McElfish, PhD, MBA, Karen Yeary, PhD, Ka`imi A. Sinclair, PhD, MPH, Susan Steelman, MLIS, Monica K. Esquivel, PhD, RDN, Nia Aitaoto, PhD, MS, MPH, Keawe’aimoku Kaholokula, PhD, Rachel S. Purvis, PhD, Britni L. Ayers, PhD
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
This scoping review identifies the best practices of community-based participatory research with Pacific Islanders in the United States and United States Affiliated Pacific Islands. Eighty-four articles from January 2000 to December 2017 were included in the review. Best practices included the importance of engaging Pacific Islander community leaders as research staff, community co-investigators, and community advisory board members. Best practices also focused on removing barriers to research by using participants’ native languages, conducting research within the geographic community, and spending significant time to build trust. Novel best practices included honoring Pacific Islanders’ cultural practices such as protocols for engagement, reciprocity, and social and spiritual inclusiveness and honoring Pacific Islanders’ collectivist cultural structure. The goal of this scoping review is to aid community-academic partnerships working to improve the health of Pacific Islanders.