Racial-ethnic Disparities in Postpartum Hemorrhage in Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders, and Asians
Scott A. Harvey, MD, MS; Eunjung Lim, PhD; Krupa R. Gandhi, MPH; Jill Miyamura, PhD; and Kazuma Nakagawa, MD
Hawai’i Journal of Medicine & Public Health
The objective of this study was to assess racial-ethnic differences in the prevalence of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) among Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI), Asians, and Whites. We performed a retrospective study on statewide inpatient data for delivery hospitalizations in Hawai‘i between January 1995 and December 2013. A total of 243,693 in-hospital delivery discharges (35.0% NHOPI, 44.0% Asian, and 21.0% White) were studied. Among patients with PPH, there were more NHOPI (37.1%) and Asians (47.6%), compared to Whites (15.3%). Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the impact of maternal race-ethnicity on the prevalence of PPH after adjusting for delivery type, labor induction, prolonged labor, multiple gestation, gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, chorioamnionitis, placental abruption, placenta previa, obesity, and period with different diagnostic criteria for preeclampsia. In the multivariable analyses, NHOPI (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-1.48) and Asians (aOR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.37-1.53) were more likely to have PPH compared to Whites. In the secondary analyses of 12,142 discharges with PPH, NHOPI and Asians had higher prevalence of uterine atony than Whites (NHOPI: 77.2%, Asians: 73.9% vs Whites: 65.1%, P < .001 for both comparisons).